ICT in Macedonia
Macedonia is “value for money” destination. People have European culture and the knowledge of English language is on the highest level. Companies offer flexible working hours to their employees, who have knowledge of different technologies and have broad experience in those. Most of the companies are following the newest trends and except the fact that they are using agile methodologies for software development, they are providing cloud ready products and services.
The private sector in ICT in Macedonia is well organized and it is represented by MASIT – ICT Chamber of commerce, as well as, other business support organizations. International donor organizations are present in Macedonia, such as: USAID / REG, SIPPO, GIZ, UNDP, Swiss contact / Preda Plus etc. and they also provide support.
Macedonia has a stable economic development for more than 10 years. Laws covering the ICT sector are fully harmonized with those of the European Union: Law on Electronic Communications, Law on Broadcasting Activity, Law on Copyright and Related Rights, Law on Industrial Property, Law on Electronic Commerce, Law on Personal Data Protection, Law on Data in Electronic Form and Electronic Signature.
PORTFOLIO AND VALUE PROPOSITION
Macedonian companies have expertise for working in different sectors and industries: Financial, Telco, Manufacturing, Retail, IT / Software, Healthcare, Tourism, Media & games, Utilities, Logistics. Except software development services, they provide web development / design, mobile applications and/or solutions, social media applications, software testing, 3D modeling and animation, visualization, games, IT consulting, IT project management, managed services, ready – to – use software products.
In the following paragraph, more information about the value of the ICT market value can be found:
• Total ICT market value (2013): approximately EUR 450 million;
• Total IT market value (2013): ca. EUR 100 million, thereof software generated around EUR 20 million;
• IT market segments: 62% hardware; 26% IT services; 13% packaged software;
• Macedonian software exports: ca. 95% subcontracted work and only 5% software products.
• 16.205 employees or 2,4% of the overall employed workforce (2Q 2014);
• 1.446 active companies (end of 2013);
• €288,3 value added or 4,1% of the total country value added generated in 2013;
• Exported telecommunication, computer and information services in a value of €119,7 million in 2013 (13% growth over 2012);
• Average monthly net wage per employee: €564 (August 2014)
In the past five years the biggest foreign direct investments in the ICT sector in Macedonia were in the telecommunications sector, amounting to €174 million or 87%, Software 4.5%, Computer Activities 6.9%, ICT Hardware 1.8%
IT RELATED EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM IN MACEDONIA
There are five state universities and seven private universities in Macedonia. Currently there are more than 3 000 students, thereof 2 600 undergraduate students, more than 400 master studies and 100 PhD students.
In the academic year 2013/14, a total of 3.322 students were enrolled in undergraduate studies at the faculties solely providing educational programs in IT. 1.356 graduates at faculties teaching a blend of technical subjects including IT.
Informal education is also present and active in Macedonia. Semos Education and Seavus Education and Development are one of the biggest informal IT education providers.
QUALIFICATIONS OF THE IT PEOPLE
According to the newest analysis provided:
- 57.1% of the employees in the ICT companies have Agile/Scrum certificates and are practicing the Agile methodologies
- 35% of the employees in the ICT companies have Microsoft certificates
- Whereas around 30% of them have other certificates such as ITIL, PMP etc.
- 85.7% of the companies own ISO certificates
There are different programming languages, developing tools and database technologies that are used in the ICT companies for developing solutions. Bellow you may find a list of those, separated by programming languages and developing tools on one side and database technologies on the other.
Database technologies: MS SQL server, Oracle, SQL, mSQL / MySQL, Access, ODBC, Informix, JDBC, DB2, Interbase.